Some people say that evolution is a “fact” instead of a theory. If this is the case, why don’t all scientists agree? Can those scientists who believe there was a master designer be dismissed as naive? Reporting on those scientists, a book review in the New York Times comments: “They have Ph.D’s and occupy positions at some of the better universities. The case they make against Darwinism does not rest on the authority of Scripture; rather, it proceeds from premises that are scientific.”
The article also says that proponents of intelligent design “do not make any obviously foolish claims … What they deny is that the standard Darwinian theory, or any other ‘naturalistic’ theory that confines itself to mindless, mechanical causes operating gradually over time, suffices to explain the whole of life. The biological world, they contend, is rife with evidence of intelligent design, evidence that points with near certainty to the intervention of an Intelligent Designer.”
Dawkins claims that no reputable person doubts the fact of evolution. Here’s a list of some reputable people: Phillip E. Johnson, who teaches law at the University of California, Berkeley; biochemist and author Michael J. Behe; mathematician William A. Dembski; philosopher of logic Alvin Platinga; physicists John Polkinghorne and Freeman Dyson; astronomer Allan Sandage; and others too numerous to list.
The aforementioned Professor Behe wrote that “The conclusion of design is not due to ignorance. It’s not due to what we don’t know; it’s due to what we do know. When Darwin published his book ‘The Origin of Species’ 150 years ago, life seemed simple. Scientists thought that the cell was so simple that it might just spontaneously bubble up from the sea mud. But since then, science has discovered that cells are enormously complex, much more complex than the machinery of our 21st-century world. That functional complexity bespeaks purposeful design.”
What about the claim that some plants and animals are poorly designed? Behe responds, “Just because we don’t know the reason for some feature in an organism does not mean that it doesn’t have an important role to play. For example, the appendix and the tonsils were once thought to be vestigial organs and were routinely removed. But then it was discovered that these organs play a role in the immune system, and they are no longer considered just vestigial. Just because a car has a dent in it or gets a flat tire does not mean that the car or the tire was not designed. Likewise, the fact that some things occur by chance in biology does not mean that the sophisticated, complex molecular machinery of life arose by chance. That argument is simply not logical.”
Well, there you have it. The Earth is like a beautiful house that’s been given to us. You may not know who the builder is and you may see the people that claim to work for him doing some bad things and saying crazy stuff, but to say the house built itself, is “simply not logical.”